Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

The Marmara region of Turkey was shaken by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.4 and epicentre in Golcuk on August 17, 1999. Structural damage of various degrees occurred in the region. In this paper the strong motion data acquired from this earthquake at various locations are closely inspected using Fourier transform and a time-frequency technique using harmonic wavelets developed at Cambridge, Newland (1993). The advantage of harmonic wavelet analysis when dealing with non-stationary signals like earthquakes is that one can plot the signal in a time-frequency space enabling the energy distribution in the signa4 to be observed. An introduction to wavelet theory will be presented along with various methods for applying this theory to earthquake acceleration signals for analysis. Conclusions are drawn based on the application of wavelet method to the Kocaeli Earthquake strong motion data. These data is analyzed for four locations with increasing distance from the epicentre. The energy of a signal can be broken into its constituents at different frequency bands and time locations via wavelet analysis, giving insight into the localised portions of the signal. The magnitude of accelerations decreases as one moves away from the epicentre. Wavelet transform allows us to see the discontinuities within the signal and zoom in for closer inspection. Using the wavelets, it was observed that in the Kocaeli earthquake ground motions, acceleration with same frequency occurred at different time instants. This could not have been observed by traditional DFFT methods.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Application of Wavelet Theory in the Analysis of Earthquake Motions Recorded During the Kocaeli Earthquake, Turkey 1999

San Diego, California

The Marmara region of Turkey was shaken by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.4 and epicentre in Golcuk on August 17, 1999. Structural damage of various degrees occurred in the region. In this paper the strong motion data acquired from this earthquake at various locations are closely inspected using Fourier transform and a time-frequency technique using harmonic wavelets developed at Cambridge, Newland (1993). The advantage of harmonic wavelet analysis when dealing with non-stationary signals like earthquakes is that one can plot the signal in a time-frequency space enabling the energy distribution in the signa4 to be observed. An introduction to wavelet theory will be presented along with various methods for applying this theory to earthquake acceleration signals for analysis. Conclusions are drawn based on the application of wavelet method to the Kocaeli Earthquake strong motion data. These data is analyzed for four locations with increasing distance from the epicentre. The energy of a signal can be broken into its constituents at different frequency bands and time locations via wavelet analysis, giving insight into the localised portions of the signal. The magnitude of accelerations decreases as one moves away from the epicentre. Wavelet transform allows us to see the discontinuities within the signal and zoom in for closer inspection. Using the wavelets, it was observed that in the Kocaeli earthquake ground motions, acceleration with same frequency occurred at different time instants. This could not have been observed by traditional DFFT methods.