Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

A numerical analysis was carried out for a rigid retaining wall experiencing earthquake loading. The seismic forces acting on the wall was determined by simulating both sinusoidal load as well as the earthquake time history of an actual earthquake. At first considering that the backfill consists purely of sandy soils, the failure zone and the resulting earth pressure were calculated. After observing the failure zone of such backfill, the domain is substituted by lightweight Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) geofoam. The effect of replacing the sand with such lightweight materials on the developed seismic thrust is then examined. The results show that the use of the EPS geofoam as a replacement renders as much as 50% to 60% reduction of the seismic thrust.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

On the Seismic Earth Pressure Reduction Against Retaining Structures Using Lightweight Geofoam Fill

San Diego, California

A numerical analysis was carried out for a rigid retaining wall experiencing earthquake loading. The seismic forces acting on the wall was determined by simulating both sinusoidal load as well as the earthquake time history of an actual earthquake. At first considering that the backfill consists purely of sandy soils, the failure zone and the resulting earth pressure were calculated. After observing the failure zone of such backfill, the domain is substituted by lightweight Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) geofoam. The effect of replacing the sand with such lightweight materials on the developed seismic thrust is then examined. The results show that the use of the EPS geofoam as a replacement renders as much as 50% to 60% reduction of the seismic thrust.