Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

The largest available strong-motion recording (PGA=0.35g), least affected by topography, structural response and/or soil-structure interaction, is investigated for possible nonlinear site response during the M, 5.9 Athens earthquake of 7 September 1999. Smoothed horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios (HVSR) are calculated in subsequent overlapping 3.5-s windows, thus covering a wide range of excitation levels. Mean HVSR curves are computed for a so-called “weak-“ and “strong-“ motion range (mean horizontal ground acceleration in window, MGA<=10.2 cm/s/s and >=20.5 cm/s/s). The two curves have similar shape, with the “strong” curve visibly shifted toward lower frequencies relative to the “weak” one; the dominant site resonance occurs at 4.0 Hz (0.25 s) and 4.7 Hz (0.21 s), respectively. Linear correlation analysis shows that the resonance frequency, f0, and MGA are significantly correlated (t=-0.661). We attribute this behaviour to the degradation of the sediment shear modulus (nonlinearity). Our results, combined with indications that sediment sites in the near-fault area were exposed to ground shaking well above PGA=0.35 g during the earthquake of 7 September 1999, imply that these sites exhibited considerable nonlinear response.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Nonlinear Site Response During the 7 September 1999 Athens, Greece, Earthquake (MW 5.6)

San Diego, California

The largest available strong-motion recording (PGA=0.35g), least affected by topography, structural response and/or soil-structure interaction, is investigated for possible nonlinear site response during the M, 5.9 Athens earthquake of 7 September 1999. Smoothed horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios (HVSR) are calculated in subsequent overlapping 3.5-s windows, thus covering a wide range of excitation levels. Mean HVSR curves are computed for a so-called “weak-“ and “strong-“ motion range (mean horizontal ground acceleration in window, MGA<=10.2 cm/s/s and >=20.5 cm/s/s). The two curves have similar shape, with the “strong” curve visibly shifted toward lower frequencies relative to the “weak” one; the dominant site resonance occurs at 4.0 Hz (0.25 s) and 4.7 Hz (0.21 s), respectively. Linear correlation analysis shows that the resonance frequency, f0, and MGA are significantly correlated (t=-0.661). We attribute this behaviour to the degradation of the sediment shear modulus (nonlinearity). Our results, combined with indications that sediment sites in the near-fault area were exposed to ground shaking well above PGA=0.35 g during the earthquake of 7 September 1999, imply that these sites exhibited considerable nonlinear response.