Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

4-2-1995

Session End Date

4-7-1995

Abstract

More than 5,400 persons were killed during the great Hanshin earthquake that occurred early in the morning (5:46 a.m.) of January 17, 1995. About 90% of the dead, most of which were aged persons, were crushed under wooden houses and other residential buildings damaged by the strong shock. People could not escape falling ceilings and furnitures because they were still in their sleep. In addition, the shock produced by the active fault directly under the area was very sudden. Markedly heavy damage was concentrated in the approximately 500m wide belt region lying between the Rokko base rock zone and the soft ground and reclaimed land zone along the sea shore (Figs. I ,2). Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) assigned to this zone an intensity of Vll, the highest scale in the Japanese intensity scale. This was the first time in Japan that the intensity of VII, which approximately corresponds to X and higher in the modified Mercalli scale, was assigned to any region of earthquake damage.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Third Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

4-2-1995

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1995 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 2nd, 12:00 AM Apr 7th, 12:00 AM

Preliminary Report on the Damage of Buildings and Houses due to the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake of January 17, 1995

St. Louis, Missouri

More than 5,400 persons were killed during the great Hanshin earthquake that occurred early in the morning (5:46 a.m.) of January 17, 1995. About 90% of the dead, most of which were aged persons, were crushed under wooden houses and other residential buildings damaged by the strong shock. People could not escape falling ceilings and furnitures because they were still in their sleep. In addition, the shock produced by the active fault directly under the area was very sudden. Markedly heavy damage was concentrated in the approximately 500m wide belt region lying between the Rokko base rock zone and the soft ground and reclaimed land zone along the sea shore (Figs. I ,2). Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) assigned to this zone an intensity of Vll, the highest scale in the Japanese intensity scale. This was the first time in Japan that the intensity of VII, which approximately corresponds to X and higher in the modified Mercalli scale, was assigned to any region of earthquake damage.