Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

3-11-1991

Session End Date

3-15-1991

Abstract

Methods for in-situ surface measurement and spectral analysis of Rayleigh waves for subsurface soil investigation have been tried by several researchers in recent years. The two most common methods, steady-state Rayleigh-wave and spectral-analysis-of-surface-waves (SASW) have certain disadvantages and are not used for routine soil investigation. The paper presents a system which uses a controlled vibration source with amplitude modulation and variable frequency capabilities. The electromagnetic vibrator may be varied in size and weight according to the depth of the soil strata investigated. The Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion curves are used to compute apparent velocity distribution in depth. An approximate conversion method is then used to estimate Rayleigh wave velocity profiles of the layered soil from the apparent velocities distributions. Shear wave velocities, computed by using established theoretical relationship, may then be used to obtain design parameters for the soil strata. The system has been used routinely in Japan and South East Asia for several years now and results show good correlations with SPT and shear wave velocity measurements conducted as verification tests in a variety of sites.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Second Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-11-1991

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1991 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 11th, 12:00 AM Mar 15th, 12:00 AM

Soil Profiling by Spectral Analysis of Surface Waves

St. Louis, Missouri

Methods for in-situ surface measurement and spectral analysis of Rayleigh waves for subsurface soil investigation have been tried by several researchers in recent years. The two most common methods, steady-state Rayleigh-wave and spectral-analysis-of-surface-waves (SASW) have certain disadvantages and are not used for routine soil investigation. The paper presents a system which uses a controlled vibration source with amplitude modulation and variable frequency capabilities. The electromagnetic vibrator may be varied in size and weight according to the depth of the soil strata investigated. The Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion curves are used to compute apparent velocity distribution in depth. An approximate conversion method is then used to estimate Rayleigh wave velocity profiles of the layered soil from the apparent velocities distributions. Shear wave velocities, computed by using established theoretical relationship, may then be used to obtain design parameters for the soil strata. The system has been used routinely in Japan and South East Asia for several years now and results show good correlations with SPT and shear wave velocity measurements conducted as verification tests in a variety of sites.