Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

3-11-1991

Session End Date

3-15-1991

Abstract

In 1983, Nihonkai Chubu Earthquake of magnitude 7.7 hit northern part of Japan. The earthquake caused damage to quaywalls at Akita Port located about 100 km from the epicenter. The damage was associated with the liquefaction of backfill sand. In order to analyze the mechanism of the damage, soils are taken from the site for laboratory tests. The record of the earthquake motion is digitized. Based on these investigations, a two dimensional effective stress analysis is conducted. The model used in this study consists of a multiple virtual simple shear mechanisms oriented in arbitrary directions. The results of the effective stress analysis indicate that a fundamental mechanism in producing deformation of the soil and the structure is due to the initial stress and its release in accordance with the progress of cyclic mobility. This mechanism of deformation is quite different from that indicated by the conventional Newmark's sliding block concept.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Second Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-11-1991

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1991 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 11th, 12:00 AM Mar 15th, 12:00 AM

Effective Stress Analysis of a Sheet Pile Quaywall

St. Louis, Missouri

In 1983, Nihonkai Chubu Earthquake of magnitude 7.7 hit northern part of Japan. The earthquake caused damage to quaywalls at Akita Port located about 100 km from the epicenter. The damage was associated with the liquefaction of backfill sand. In order to analyze the mechanism of the damage, soils are taken from the site for laboratory tests. The record of the earthquake motion is digitized. Based on these investigations, a two dimensional effective stress analysis is conducted. The model used in this study consists of a multiple virtual simple shear mechanisms oriented in arbitrary directions. The results of the effective stress analysis indicate that a fundamental mechanism in producing deformation of the soil and the structure is due to the initial stress and its release in accordance with the progress of cyclic mobility. This mechanism of deformation is quite different from that indicated by the conventional Newmark's sliding block concept.