Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

4-26-1981

Session End Date

5-3-1981

Abstract

Scale models of Nuclear Power plants were constructed to study soil structure interaction during Earthquakes. The centrifuge of the C.E.S.T.A. Center near Bordeaux, France, was used to simulate gravity at 100 g (length scale 1: 100) on a 1000 kg net weight of soil and structure. The Earthquake was simulated by a surface wave created by a programmed series of small explosions suitably modified so that the free field signals of horizontal and vertical accelerometers had spectra resembling those of real Earthquakes according to similitude laws. The problem of echoes and suitability of a confined structure was studied without models of structures. In tests including models of structures movements and stresses in the soil and in the structure were measured using transducers of acceleration displacement pressure and deformation. The overall stability was studied.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

First Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

4-26-1981

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1981 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Scale Modelling of Soil Structure Interaction during Earthquakes Using a Programmed Series of Explosions during Centrifugation

St. Louis, Missouri

Scale models of Nuclear Power plants were constructed to study soil structure interaction during Earthquakes. The centrifuge of the C.E.S.T.A. Center near Bordeaux, France, was used to simulate gravity at 100 g (length scale 1: 100) on a 1000 kg net weight of soil and structure. The Earthquake was simulated by a surface wave created by a programmed series of small explosions suitably modified so that the free field signals of horizontal and vertical accelerometers had spectra resembling those of real Earthquakes according to similitude laws. The problem of echoes and suitability of a confined structure was studied without models of structures. In tests including models of structures movements and stresses in the soil and in the structure were measured using transducers of acceleration displacement pressure and deformation. The overall stability was studied.