D-Optimal Design for Rapid Assessment Model of CO₂ Flooding in High Water Cut Oil Reservoirs
Most of major oilfields in China have reached high water cut stage, but still, they contribute to more than 70% of domestic oil production. How to extract more oil from mature oilfields has become a hot topic in petroleum engineering. Carbon dioxide flooding is a win-win strategy because it can enhance oil recovery and simultaneously reduce CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. In order to evaluate the potentials of CO2 flooding in high water cut oil reservoirs, various 3-D heterogeneous geological models were built based on Guan 104 fault block in Dagang Oilfield to perform reservoir simulations. The D-optimal design was applied to build and verify the Rapid Assessment Model of CO2 flooding in high water cut oil reservoirs. Five quantitative variables were considered, including average horizontal permeability, permeability variation coefficient, ratio of vertical to horizontal permeability, net thickness of formation and percentage of recoverable reserves by water flooding. The process of weighting emphasized the contributions of linear terms, quadratic terms and first-order interactions of five quantitative parameters to improved recovery factor and Net Present Value of CO2 flooding. Using the Rapid Assessment Model of CO2 flooding in high water cut oil reservoirs, significant first-order interactions were sorted out and type curves were established and analyzed for the evaluation of technical and economic efficiency of CO2 flooding in high water cut oil reservoirs. Aimed at oil reservoirs with the similar geological conditions and fluid properties as Guan 104 fault block, the Rapid Assessment Model and type curves of CO2 flooding in high water cut oil reservoirs can be applied to predict improved recovery factor and Net Present Value of water-alternating-CO2 flooding at different conditions of reservoir parameters and development parameter. The approach could serve as a guide for the application and spread of CO2-EOR projects.
Z. Song et al., "D-Optimal Design for Rapid Assessment Model of CO₂ Flooding in High Water Cut Oil Reservoirs," Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, vol. 21, pp. 764 - 771, Elsevier, Nov 2014.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2014.10.005
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
CO2 Flooding; D-Optimal Design; High Water Cut Oil Reservoirs; Rapid Assessment Model; Reservoir Simulation
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2014 Elsevier, All rights reserved.
01 Nov 2014