Mapping Subvertical Discontinuities in Rock Cuts using a 400-MHz Ground Penetrating Radar Antenna


Hidden subvertical discontinuities oriented parallel to subparallel to the exposed faces of outcropping sandstone were effectively mapped at three different study sites in central Missouri using a ground-penetrating radar system (GPR) equipped with a 400-MHz monostatic antenna and a survey wheel. At each site, a suite of 2-D ground-penetrating radar profiles were acquired along multiple closely spaced traverses on relatively smooth exposed rock surfaces. Time-zero correction was applied to the raw GPR data which were then processed using band-pass filtering, range and display gain, color transformation, and deconvolution techniques. Pseudo 3D images of each identified discontinuity at each site were constructed based on the interpretation of the nonmigrated ground-penetrating radar profiles. These pseudo 3D images were hand-migrated and transformed into true 3D images which depict variable depths at "perpendicular horizontal distance" to each discontinuity relative to the exposed rock face. The results demonstrate that GPR can be used to detect and map hidden discontinuities. This information can then be used for rock slope stability analysis and rock engineering purposes.


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Perpendicular Horizontal Depth; Ground-penetrating Radar; Migration Sandstone Rock Cut; Subvertical Discontinuities; Mapping Method; Satellite Data; Slope Stability; Survey; Three-dimensional Modeling; Two-dimensional Modeling; Missouri; United States

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Article - Journal

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© 2014 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2014