Complex Rupture and Triggered Aseismic Creep during the 14 August 2021 Haiti Earthquake from Satellite Geodesy


The 2021 August 14 MW 7.2 Nippes, Haiti earthquake occurred 75 km west of the epicenter of the 2010 Leogane earthquake (Haiti) on the transpressive Caribbean - North America plate boundary. We present an updated fault map for Hispaniola and model coseismic and early postseismic fault slip using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar and pixel offsets. We find the earthquake ruptured multiple segments of the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault Zone. Slip occurred in two main sub-events on either side of a restraining bend at Pic Macaya, with ∼2.7 m of peak reverse-slip east of the bend. To the west, slip jumps the restraining bend and further ruptures with ∼1.2 m of left-lateral slip. Afterslip in the 4 days following the event occurred at shallow depth and adjacent to the coseismic rupture areas and reached the surface east of Pic Macaya.


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering


This work is based in part on data services provided by the OpenTopography Facility with support from the National Science Foundation under NSF Award Numbers 1948997, 1948994 and 1948857. JM and RD carried out part of this work with funding from NASA's Earth Surface and Interior program, Grant #80NSSC22K0464.

Keywords and Phrases

Complex Rupture; Earthquake; Geodesy; Haiti; InSAR; Tectonics

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1944-8007; 0094-8276

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2022 Wiley; American Geophysical Union, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

16 Jun 2022

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