The failure of a reinforced concrete member strengthened with fiberreinforced polymer (FRP) laminates may be caused by crushing of concrete, rupture of FRP laminates, or delamination of the FRP sheet. Therefore, the effectiveness and failure mode of FRP sheets applied to beams and columns is related to the degree of adhesion of the epoxy to the concrete surface. When a peeling or delamination failure can be avoided, a more effective engagement of the FRP sheet occurs, which results in more efficient use of the material. One of the principal factors affecting the bond behavior between the concrete and epoxy is the roughness of the concrete substrate. To prepare the bond surface, sand blasting or grinding is typically used to roughen the concrete. To that end, a portable device has been developed to measure the roughness of concrete surfaces. This device can be used as a quality-control tool to characterize surface roughness and identify when an adequate surface preparation has been attained. The method uses laser striping and image analysis. The method was tested on six slabs of sandblasted concrete, which were sandblasted to varying degrees of surface roughness, and a series of nine plastic model concrete surface profiles.


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Second Department

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering


American Concrete Institute
University of Missouri--Rolla. University Transportation Center Program

Keywords and Phrases

Characterization; Fiber reinforced plastics; Laser applications; Organic polymers; Plastics applications; Profilometry; Roughness measurement; Strength of materials; Substrates; Surface roughness; Concrete roughness characterization; Fiber reinforced polymer sheet application; Laser profilometry

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2001 Transportation Research Board, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2001