Numerical Simulation Study on the Applicability of Relative Permeability Modifiers for Water-Shutoff in Oil Production Wells
Disproportionate Permeability Reduction (DPR) is often used as a water-shutoff treatment in production wells when conventional solutions such as mechanical isolations are difficult to perform. Although this property has been well documented by different investigators, the performance of DPR treatments in field applications has varied between success and failure without understandable reasons. This work investigated DPR performance in different scenarios to see when, where and at which conditions DPR treatments can give better results. Numerical simulation methods were used to simulate different scenarios happening in oil and gas fields such as five-spot pattern system and linear-system, with different number of layers, with and without crossflow. The possibility of using DPR treatment in hydraulically-fractured reservoirs was also investigated since many reports indicated that there is an increase in water production after some oil and gas reservoirs being hydraulically-fractured. Moreover, the physical reasoning behind the variations in DPR performance for different scenarios has been extensively discussed. The results explored that DPR performance was excellent in both of water-cut reduction and oil-recovery improvement when the flow regime was viscous dominated (viscous-gravity numberO. 1). On the other hand, when the flow regime was gravity dominated (viscous-gravity number > 10), the effective period of DPR treatment was short-term remedy. Secondly, when the high-K layer is existed at the lower-zone of oil or gas reservoir is a good candidate for DPR treatment as compared when the high-K layer located at the upper zone. Furthermore, selecting the correct time to perform DPR treatments generally has a significant role to mitigate water production. Finally, the dimensions of treated fracture are the key components to get a successful DPR-treatment in fractured reservoirs.
D. Alfarge et al., "Numerical Simulation Study on the Applicability of Relative Permeability Modifiers for Water-Shutoff in Oil Production Wells," Proceedings of the SPE Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition 2018 (2018, Dammam, Saudi Arabia), Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), Apr 2018.
SPE Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition 2018, SATS 2018 (2018: Apr. 23-26, Dammam, Saudi Arabia)
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Fracture; Gas industry; Linear systems; Mechanical permeability; Numerical methods; Numerical models; Offshore oil well production; Oil fields; Petroleum reservoir engineering; Petroleum reservoirs; Viscous flow; Water treatment, Disproportionate permeability reductions; Mechanical isolation; Numerical simulation method; Numerical simulation studies; Oil and gas reservoir; Oil production wells; Relative permeability modifiers; Water shutoff treatments, Well stimulation
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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01 Apr 2018