Learning Functions Generated by Randomly Initialized MLPs and SRNs

R. Cleaver
Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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In this paper, nonlinear functions generated by randomly initialized multilayer perceptrons (MLPs) and simultaneous recurrent neural networks (SRNs) and two benchmark functions are learned by MLPs and SRNs. Training SRNs is a challenging task and a new learning algorithm - PSO-QI is introduced. PSO-QI is a standard particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm with the addition of a quantum step utilizing the probability density property of a quantum particle. The results from PSO-QI are compared with the standard backpropagation (BP) and PSO algorithms. It is further verified that functions generated by SRNs are harder to learn than those generated by MLPs but PSO-QI provides learning capabilities of these functions by MLPs and SRNs compared to BP and PSO.