Measurement and Prediction of Pressure Drop in Pneumatic Conveying: Effect of Particle Characteristics, Mass Loading, and Reynolds Number

Kinam Park
Jennifer S. Curtis
Kimberly H. Henthorn, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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This paper reports the effect of Reynolds number, mass loading, and particle shape and size on pressure drop in a vertical gas-solids pneumatic conveying line. We isolate the effect of one variable while holding all others constant. A commonly used pressure drop correlation and a state-of-the-art multiphase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models are then assessed by comparing their predictions to experimental data. Deficiencies in the models and the correlation are identified, and possible modifications are proposed. The most notable deficiency is the inability of both the experimental correlation and the CFD model to accurately predict the pressure drop for gas-solids flow with highly aspherical particles.