Robustness Analysis of Slow Learning in Iterative Learning Control Systems

John R. Singler, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Douglas A. Bristow, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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This paper examines robust stability and robust transient growth in Iterative Learning Control (ILC). It is well known that small perturbations in system dynamics can result in very large transient growth of some ILC systems. Even larger perturbations can result in instability. One ad hoc technique commonly employed to improve robustness is to slow the learning rate by reducing the learning filter gain or lowpass filtering the error signal. Here, pseudospectra analysis is used to analyze the robustness of ILC algorithms with slow learning. It is found that robustness bounds can be increased and transient growth decreased with decreasing learning gain. This result provides a new theoretical foundation for tuning approaches for improving robustness.