Structure, Magnetic, and Transport Properties of Ti-substituted La₀.₇Sr₀.₃MnO₃

M. S. Kim
Jinbo Yang
Qingsheng Cai
X.-D. Zhou, Missouri University of Science and Technology
William Joseph James, Missouri University of Science and Technology
William B. Yelon, Missouri University of Science and Technology
D. Buddhikot
Satish K. Malik
Paul Ernest Parris, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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Ti-substituted perovskites La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xTixO3 with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.20, were investigated by neutron diffraction, magnetization, electric resistivity, and magnetoresistance (MR) measurements. All samples show a rhombohedral structure (space group R3c) from 10 K to room temperature. At room temperature, the cell parameters a,c and the unit cell volume increase with increasing Ti content. However, at 10 K, the cell parameter a has a maximum value for x = 0.10, and decreases for x > 0.10, while the unit cell volume remains nearly constant for x > 0.10. The average (Mn,Ti)-O bond length increases up to x = 0.15, and the (Mn,Ti)-O-(Mn,Ti) bond angle decreases with increasing Ti content to its minimum value at x = 0.15 at room temperature. Below the Curie temperature TC, the resistance exhibits metallic behavior for the x ≤ 0.05 samples. A metal (semiconductor) to insulator transition is observed for the x ≥ 0.10 samples. A peak in resistivity appears below TC for all samples, and shifts to a lower temperature as x increases. The substitution of Mn by Ti decreases the 2p-3d hybridization between O and Mn ions, reduces the bandwidth W, and increases the electron-phonon coupling. Therefore, the TC shifts to a lower temperature and the resistivity increases with increasing Ti content. A field-induced shift of the resistivity maximum occurs at x ≤ 0.10. The separation of TC and the resistivity maximum temperature Tp,max enhances the MR effect in these compounds due to the weak coupling between the magnetic ordering and the resistivity as compared with La0.7 Sr0.3MnO3.