Analytical Derivation of a Coupled-circuit Model of a Claw-pole Alternator with Concentrated Stator Windings

Hua Bai
Steven D. Pekarek, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Jerry L. Tichenor
Walter Eversman, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Duane J. Buening
Gregory R. Holbrook
Michael L. Hull
Ronald J. Krefta
Steven J. Shields

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A lumped-parameter coupled-circuit model of a claw-pole alternator is derived. To derive the model, analytical techniques are used to define a three-dimensional (3-D) Fourier-series representation of the airgap flux density. Included in the series expansion are the harmonics introduced by rotor saliency, concentrated stator windings, and stator slots. From the airgap flux density waveform, relatively simple closed-form expressions for the stator and rotor self- and mutual-inductances are obtained. The coupled-circuit model is implemented in the simulation of an alternator/rectifier system using a commercial state-model-based circuit analysis program. Comparisons with experimental results demonstrate the accuracy of the model in predicting both the steady-state and transient behavior of the machine