Incorporating the Effects of Magnetic Saturation in a Coupled-Circuit Model of a Claw-Pole Alternator

Hua Bai
Steven D. Pekarek, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Jerry L. Tichenor
Walter Eversman, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Duane J. Buening
Gregory R. Holbrook
Ronald J. Krefta

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A method of representing the effects of magnetic saturation in a coupled-circuit model of a claw-pole alternator is presented. In the approach considered, the airgap flux density produced by each winding is expressed as a function of magnetic operating point. A challenge in the implementation is that the airgap flux densities consist of several significant harmonics, each of which changes at a distinct rate as iron saturates. Despite this complication, it is shown that relatively simple measurements can be used to determine model parameters. The model is implemented in the analysis of several alternator/rectifier systems using a commercial state-model-based circuit analysis program. Comparisons with experimental results over a wide range of speeds and operating conditions demonstrate its accuracy in predicting both the steady state and transient behavior of the systems.