Still-Frame Image Transmission using DPCM/Interpolative Coding

Brindala Mallappa
Norman R. Cox, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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Two methods of combining DPCM (differential pulse-code modulation) and interpolation are proposed for compressing still-frame teleconferencing signals. The first method uses horizontal subsampling, DPCM, and interpolation to achieve a 4:1 compression. The other method is similar but uses vertical subsampling instead. Simulation results indicate that either method can easily achieve the required 2-b/pel data rate with negligible degradation in image quality. Conventional DPCM is shown to perform slightly better in quantitative terms when fixed-wordlength coding is used. However, the two DPCM/interpolation methods offer other advantages when used with a variable-wordlength coder