On the Ergodic Capacity of MIMO Triply Selective Rayleigh Fading Channels

Chengshan Xiao, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Y. Rosa Zheng, Missouri University of Science and Technology

This document has been relocated to http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/ele_comeng_facwork/1185

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The ergodic capacity is investigated for triply selective MIMO Rayleigh fading channels. A mathematical formula is derived for the ergodic capacity in the case when the channel state information is known to the receiver but unknown to the transmitter. A closed-form formula is derived that quantifies the effect of the frequency-selective fading on the ergodic capacity into an intersymbol interference (ISI) degradation factor. Different from the existing conclusion that the frequency-selective fading channel has the same ergodic capacity as the frequency flat fading channel, we show that the discrete-time inter-tap correlated frequency selective fading channel has smaller ergodic capacity than the frequency flat fading channel. Only in the special case when the fading does not have ISI inter-tap correlations will the ergodic capacity be the same as that of the frequency flat channel. Theoretical derivation and computer simulation demonstrate that the inter-tap correlations can have more significant impact on the ergodic capacity than the spatial correlations.