Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalization for MIMO Underwater Acoustic Communications

Jian Zhang
Y. Rosa Zheng, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Chengshan Xiao, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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This paper investigates a low-complexity frequency-domain turbo equalization (FDTE) based on linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) criterion for single-carrier (SC) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) underwater acoustic communications (UAC). The receiver incorporates both the equalizer and the decoder which exchange the extrinsic information on the coded bits for each other to implement the iterative detection. The channel impulse responses (CIRs) required in the equalization are estimated in the frequency domain (FD) by inserting the well-designed pilot blocks which are frequency-orthogonal Chu sequences. The proposed SC-MIMO-FDTE architecture is applied to the fixed-to-fixed underwater data gathered during SPACE08 ocean experiments in October 2008, where multiple transducers and hydrophones are deployed in communication ranges of 200m and 1000m, and the channel bandwidth is 9.765625 kHz. The phase shift keying (PSK) signals are transmitted from multiple transducers in various block sizes. The proposed transceiver has been demonstrated to improve the bit-error-rate (BER) performance significantly by processing the QPSK data blocks with block length of 1024 in 200m and 1000m ranges. The average BERs obtained by turbo detection with 3 iterations can achieve approximately 1.4 × 10-4 for the 200m system and 4.4 × 10-5 for the 1000m system.