Multi-faceted systems of the future will entail complex logic with many levels of reasoning in intricate arrangement. The organization of these systems involves a web of connections and demonstrates self-driven adaptability. They are designed for autonomy and may exhibit emergent behavior that can be visualized.
We are building systems that are created by a network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate and interact with their internal states or the external environment. These changes in technology and deployment of system of systems having these new characteristics are demanding new ways of thinking and engineering. These are complex adaptive systems that can have emergent behavior and require systems integration and engineering in their design and operation.
C. H. Dagli, "Engineering Cyber Physical Systems: Machine Learning, Data Analytics and Smart Systems Architecting Preface," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 61, pp. 8-9, Elsevier, Nov 2015.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.09.135
Complex Adaptive Systems (2015: Nov. 2-4, San Jose, CA)
Engineering Management and Systems Engineering
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