This Letter reports the performance of femtosecond (fs) laser-written distributed fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) under high-temperature conditions up to 1600°C and explores the impact of rapid heat treatment on signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) enhancement. FBGs are essential for reliable optical sensing in extreme temperature environments. Comprehensive tests demonstrate the remarkable performance and resilience of FBGs at temperatures up to 1600°C, confirming their suitability for deployment in such conditions. The study also reveals significant fringe visibility improvements of up to ∼10 dB on a 1-m-long sapphire optical fiber through rapid heat treatment, representing a first-time achievement to the best of our knowledge. These enhancements are vital for improving the SNR and overall performance of optical fiber systems in extreme temperatures. Furthermore, the research attains long-term stability for the cascaded FBGs over a 24-hr period at 1600°C. This research expands our understanding of the FBG behavior in high-temperature environments and opens avenues for developing robust optical fiber systems for energy, aerospace, oil and gas, and high-temperature distributed sensing applications.
F. Mumtaz et al., "Boosting SNR Of Cascaded FBGs In A Sapphire Fiber Through A Rapid Heat Treatment," Optics Letters, vol. 48, no. 21, pp. 5703 - 5706, Optica Publishing Group, Nov 2023.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.506053
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Nov 2023