Study on CO₂ Laser Irradiation-induced Mode Coupling for Development of Miniaturized Interferometric Sensors


There is a range of ways to couple light in a single mode fiber (SMF) from core mode to cladding modes, which can be applied in some fiber sensors. Recently, a very simple method using CO2 laser irradiation is put forward. By coupling core mode to cladding mode in the first irritation point and re-coupling in the second one, in-line Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MFI) and Michelson interferometer(MI) sensors have be demonstrated. To understand the mechanism underneath this coupling phenomenon, several parameters (laser power, laser lasting time, etc) tests are investigated. With bigger laser power and longer lasting time, one can obtain higher mode coupling, which is potential for greater sensitivity sensor. Combined with a long period fiber grating (LPFG), the cladding modes promoted in fiber cladding are studied. In some big power conditions, permanent deformation can be met on the irradiation points of the fiber. Although higher loss is induced, there is also other advantage, such like high temperature stability. The sensitivity and stability of temperature are discussed based on these sensors' configuration and mechanism. The experiences verify our laser irritation sensors can survive in very high temperature. When coating with some gas absorption film such like zeolite film, one reliable high sensitivity gas sensor is successfully demonstrated in low ppm vapor level.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Cladding Modes; Core Mode; Single Mode Fiber; Carbon dioxide

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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© 2009 SPIE, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Apr 2009