Using Adaptive Resonance Theory and Local Optimization to Divide and Conquer Large Scale Traveling Salesman Problems
The Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) is a very hard optimization problem in the field of operations research. It has been shown to be NP-complete, and is an often-used benchmark for new optimization techniques. One of the main challenges with this problem is that standard, non-AI heuristic approaches such as the Lin-Kernighan algorithm (LK) and the chained LK variant are currently very effective and in wide use for the common fully connected, Euclidean variant that is considered here. This paper presents an algorithm that uses adaptive resonance theory (ART) in combination with a variation of the Lin-Kernighan local optimization algorithm to solve very large instances of the TSP. The primary advantage of this algorithm over traditional LK and chained-LK approaches is the increased scalability and parallelism allowed by the divide-and-conquer clustering paradigm. Tours obtained by the algorithm are lower quality, but scaling is much better and there is a high potential for increasing performance using parallel hardware.
S. A. Mulder and D. C. Wunsch, "Using Adaptive Resonance Theory and Local Optimization to Divide and Conquer Large Scale Traveling Salesman Problems," Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1408-1411, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Jan 2003.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/IJCNN.2003.1223902
2003 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (2003: Jul. 20-24, Portland, OR)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Conference proceedings
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