Highly Sensitive Open-Ended Coaxial Cable-Based Microwave Resonator for Humidity Sensing
A novel portable open-ended hollow coaxial cable resonator (OE-HCCR) is proposed and demonstrated for direct relative humidity (RH) measurements without the assistance of any humidity-sensitive material. The sensor is fabricated from a homemade hollow coaxial cable platform that provides ease of modification and improved robustness. The microwave cavity resonator is a metal post-coupled open-ended coaxial resonator, which includes two highly-reflective reflectors, i.e., the metal post and the metal plate-backed open end of the coaxial line. The gap distance between the metal plate and the open end is defined by a circular spacer. By simple one-step adjustments of the thickness of the spacer, the RH measurement sensitivity of the OE-HCCR can be greatly enhanced. The device physics is discussed; numerical calculations and experimental investigations are conducted to verify the sensitivity enhancement of the OE-HCCR for RH sensing. Due to the increased sensitivity, this is the first report of an open-ended coaxial line that is able to directly sense gaseous analyte, to the best of our knowledge. The proposed OE-HCCR with the sensitivity enhancement has the potential for highly sensitive chemical sensing combined with functional materials.
C. Zhu et al., "Highly Sensitive Open-Ended Coaxial Cable-Based Microwave Resonator for Humidity Sensing," Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical, vol. 314, Elsevier, Aug 2020.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2020.112244
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Enhanced Sensitivity; Humidity Sensing; Microwave Device; Microwave Resonator; Open-Ended Coaxial Cable Resonator
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2020 Elsevier, All rights reserved.
03 Aug 2020