Simulation Investigation on Acoustic Noise Caused by "Singing" Capacitors on Mobile Devices


Recently, the acoustic noise emanating from mobile devices becomes an important issue for user experience. The vibration of multilayer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs) mounted on printed circuit board (PCB) can transfer to the PCB and lead to acoustic noise. To mitigate singing cap acoustic noise, sometimes it has to trade off EMC/SI/PI performance during system design. So, simulation methodology is critical to predict critical acoustic issue and help design tradeoff. In this paper, a simulation methodology to provide design guideline for MLCC placement and PCB fixation with the aim to decrease board vibration is proposed. A finite element model of the multilayer PCB considering detailed copper/dielectric distribution of each layer is developed. Modal analysis is firstly performed to analyze the vibration characteristics of the bare PCB. Then the harmonic response of the board due to vibration excitation of MLCC is modeled. Based on the modal analysis result, the design guideline for MLCC placement and PCB fixation location can be established. The proposed guideline is validated through PCB harmonic response simulation.

Meeting Name

2019 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Signal and Power Integrity, EMC+SIPI 2019 (2019: Jul. 22-26, New Orleans, LA)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Laboratory

Keywords and Phrases

Acoustic Noise; Finite Element Model; Harmonic Response; Modal Analysis; Multi-Layer Ceramic Capacitor; Vibration

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2019 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jul 2019