Z-Directed Component (ZDC) Technology for Power Integrity Applications


An important aspect of ensuring the power integrity of a power distribution network (PDN) design is to determine the layout, value, package size, and number of decoupling capacitors. To solve the limitation of the vertical connection of the surface-mounting-type capacitor to the power net area fill, a new concept of a capacitor denoted the Z-directed component (ZDC) is proposed in this paper. There are many applications possible with the ZDC with the first implementation as a decoupling capacitor. The ZDC capacitors can be integrated within the printed circuit board (PCB) substrate directly below the package ball and eliminate the integrated circuit (IC) to decoupling capacitor horizontal distance across the power net area fill. Furthermore, the inductance associated with the vertical current paths on the vias from the IC package to the horizontal power net area fill and similarly for the surface-mounted technology decoupling capacitors is eliminated. Since only the inductance of the ZDC capacitor itself remains, there is the possibility of using far fewer capacitors to achieve a high-frequency target impedance specification. The ZDC is a promising technology that gives the PCB designer the opportunity to integrate low equivalent series inductance decoupling capacitors much closer to the noise source than traditional surface-mount capacitors. In addition, in this paper, a high-order model is introduced for the ZDC capacitor to better understand the high-frequency characteristics of the component and is verified with measurements.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Laboratory

Keywords and Phrases

Inductance; Power Integrity (PI); Z-Directed Component (ZDC)

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2018 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Dec 2018