High Fidelity Simulation of Safety Relief Valve Internal Flows


This paper presents a numerical methodology and simulation for three-dimensional transonic flow in Safety Relief Valves. Simulation of safety relief valve flows is very challenging due to complex flow paths, high pressure variation, supersonic flow with shock and expansion waves, boundary layers, etc. The 3D unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) equations with one-equation Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model is used. A fifth order WENO scheme for the inviscid flux and a second order central differencing for the viscous terms are employed to discretize the Navier-Stokes equations. The low diffusion E-CUSP scheme used as the approximate Riemann solver suggested by Zha et al. is utilized with the WENO scheme to evaluate the inviscid fluxes. Implicit time marching method with 2nd order temporal accuracy using Gauss-Seidel line relaxation is employed to achieve a fast convergence rate. Parallel computing is implemented to save wall clock simulation time. The valve flows with air under different inlet pressures and temperatures are successfully simulated for the full geometry with all the fine leakage channels. A 3D mesh topology is generated for the complex geometry. Detailed simulations of air flow are accomplished with inlet gauge pressure 0.5MPa and 2.1MPa. The simulated air mass flow rate agrees excellently with the experimental results with an error of 0.26% for the inlet pressure of 0.5Mpa, and an error of 2.5% for the inlet pressure of 2.1MPa. The shock waves and expansion waves downstream of the orifice are very well resolved.

Meeting Name

2015 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP (2015: Jul. 19-23, Boston, MA)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Bolted joints; Boundary layers; Pressure relief valves; Pressure vessels; Safety valves; Shock waves; Transonic flow; Turbulence models; Valves (mechanical); Wall flow; Approximate Riemann solver; Central differencing; Fast convergence rate; High-fidelity simulations; Numerical methodologies; Safety relief valve; Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model; Unsteady reynolds averaged navier-stokes equations; Navier Stokes equations

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International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

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© 2015 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jul 2015