Ferrofluid-Based Optical Fiber Magnetic Field Sensor Fabricated by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation


Optofluid system has been more and more attractive in optical sensing applications such as chemical and biological analysis as it incorporates the unique features from both integrated optics and microfluidics. In recent years, various optofluid based structures have been investigated in/on an optical fiber platform which is referred to as "lab in/on a fiber". Among those integrated structures, femto-second laser micromaching technique plays an important role due to its high precision fabrication, flexible design, 3D capability, and compatible with other methods. Here we present a ferrofluid based optical fiber magnetic field sensor fabricated by femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation.With the help of fs laser micromaching technique, a micro-reservoir made by capillary tube assembled in a single mode optical fiber could be fabricated. The micro-reservoir functions as a fiber inline Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity which is filled by ferrofluid liquid. The refractive index of the ferrofluid varies as the surrounding magnetic field strength changes, which can be optically probed by the FP interferometer. A fringe visibility of up to 30 dB can be achieved with a detection limit of around 0.4 Gausses. Due to the fabrication, micro-reservoirs can be assembled with optical fiber and distinguished through a microwave-photonic interrogation system. A quasi-distributed magnetic field sensing application has been demonstrated with a high spatial resolution of around 10 cm.

Meeting Name

SPIE OPTO (2016: Feb. 15-17, San Francisco, CA)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Chemical analysis; Fabrication; Fabry-Perot interferometers; Fibers; Integrated optics; Magnetic fields; Magnetic fluids; Magnetic sensors; Magnetism; Magnetometers; Optical fibers; Optical waveguides; Refractive index; Sensors; Ultrafast lasers; Ultrashort pulses; Visibility, Chemical and biologicals; Femtosecond (fs) laser; High spatial resolution; Integrated structure; Magnetic field sensing; Magnetic field sensors; Magnetic field strengths; Single-mode optical fiber; Optical fiber fabrication; Femtosecond laser; Ferrofluid

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Article - Conference proceedings

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Publication Date

01 Feb 2016