Supervisory Control Development of a Fuel Cell Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle


The design of a supervisory control system for a fuel cell plug-in hybrid vehicle is similar to that of an internal combustion engine plug-in hybrid. However, the desire to maximize the all electric range is lessened due to reduced petroleum usage and tail-pipe emissions of the fuel cell system. This paper presents a control strategy which uses a fuel cell at a low but highly efficient power level during charge depleting operation. Once the charge sustaining operating conditions are achieved the fuel cell system switches to a higher average power operating point. The developed control strategy is simulated using the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT).

Meeting Name

IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (2009: Sep. 7-10, Dearborn, MI)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Second Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Battery Powered Vehicles; Electronic Switching Systems; Energy Storage; Fuel Cell Vehicles; Fuel Cells; Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Hydrogen; Mechanical Power Transmission; Power Generation; Supervisory Control; Charge Depleting; Fuel Cell; Plug-In Hybrid; Average Power; Control Strategies; Efficient Power; Electric Range; Fuel Cell System; Hybrid Vehicles; Operation Condition; Operating Points; Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle; Plug-Ins; Power-Train Systems; Supervisory Control Systems; Automobiles; Electric Vehicles; Fuel Systems; Internal Combustion Engines; Propulsion; SCADA Systems

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2009 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2009