Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Electricity Demand Profile


Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles seem to be a viable solution to improve the fuel economy of personal transportation. At the same time, they will have a significant impact on the power grid. In order for the electric power infrastructure to be well-prepared for the challenges of vehicle to grid interactions, one needs to know the electricity demand profile of plug-in vehicles. There are various levels of uncertainty associated with this issue. For example, arrival time, daily miles driven, energy storage capacity, charging rate, and the total number of plug-in vehicles need to be accurately estimated. This chapter uses the National Household Travel Survey to extract such data. Once the method to extract the electricity demand profile of plug-in vehicles is set up, it is easier to study the impact of coordinated charging through charging policies and incentives. Another advantage of extracting the electricity demand profile of plug-in vehicle is that it can be easily used to determine the impact of such vehicles on the upstream pollutions of power plants.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Smart Grid; Power Grid; Vehicle Type; Utility Factor; Vehicle Mile Travel

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

978-3-642-21577-3; 978-3-642-21578-0

Document Type

Book - Chapter

Document Version


File Type





© 2012 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2012