A Dual-Frame Hybrid Vector Control of Vector-Modulated VIENNA I Rectifier for Unity Power Factor Operation under Unbalanced Mains Condition


In this paper, a dual-frame hybrid vector control (DFHVC) of vector-modulated VIENNA I rectifier is proposed. The purpose of this novel vector control system is not only to reduce second-order harmonic pulsation on the dc-side and consequently, to reduce odd-order harmonics on the ac side of VIENNA I rectifier under unbalanced mains, but also to ensure a near unity power factor operation of the rectifier under such circumstances. To serve this purpose, at first, a mathematical model of the VIENNA I rectifier under unbalanced condition is derived. In this model, besides demonstrating the nonlinear nature of the DC-link voltage dynamic, a new set of equations for current reference generation are derived. It is shown mathematically that under unbalanced mains, for the second harmonic pulsation of the output voltage to be eliminated, ripple component of the instantaneous active power at the rectifier pole must be nullified. Based on the derived model, a dual-frame hybrid vector control (DFHVC) scheme, meaning linear vector control of inner dynamic in both positive- and negative- sequence synchronous reference frames (SRFs) and nonlinear vector control of outer dynamic, is designed and employed. Simulation results alongside of experimental results demonstrate the validity of the proposed control scheme with regard to harmonic reduction at both ac and dc sides of the rectifier and near unity power factor operation under unbalanced conditions.

Meeting Name

23rd Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (2008: Feb. 24-28, Austin, TX)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Electric Power Factor; Exhibitions; Harmonic Analysis; Mathematical Models; Nonlinear Equations; Power Electronics; Vectors; AC-Side; Control Schemes; Current Reference Generation; DC-Link Voltages; Harmonic Reduction; Instantaneous Active Power; Nonlinear Nature; Output Voltages; Reference Frames; Second Harmonic; Second Orders; Simulation Results; Unity Power Factor; Vector Control Systems; Vector Controls; Electric Rectifiers

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International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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© 2008 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2008