Modeling, Planning and Optimal Energy Management of Combined Cooling, Heating and Power Microgrid: A Review


A combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP) microgrid with distributed cogeneration units and renewable energy sources provides an effective solution to energy-related problems, including increasing energy demand, higher energy costs, energy supply security, and environmental concerns. This paper presents an overall review of the modeling, planning and energy management of the CCHP microgrid. The performance of a CCHP microgrid from the technical, economical and environmental viewpoints are closely dependent on the microgrid's design and energy management. Accurate modeling is the first and most important step for planning and energy management of the CCHP microgrid, so this paper first presents an review of modeling of the CCHP microgrid. With regard to planning of the CCHP microgrid, several widely accepted evaluation methods and indicators for cogeneration systems are given. Research efforts on the planning methods of the CCHP microgrid are then introduced. Finally, the energy management of the CCHP microgrid is briefly reviewed in terms of cogeneration decoupling, control strategies, emission reduction and problem solving methods.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

CCHP; Combined Cooling; Heating and Power (CCHP); Distributed Cogeneration; Energy Supply Security; Environmental Concerns; Micro Grid; Problem Solving Methods; Renewable Energy Source; Cogeneration Plants; Electric Power Distribution; Emission Control; Models; Planning; Renewable Energy Resources; Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC); Energy Management; Microgrid; Modeling; Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2014 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2014