Problems with the Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Immunity Test in Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)


The electrostatic discharge (ESD) immunity test is one of the important electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) tests. The IEC standard IEC61000-4-2 is the widely used standard to test the ESD immunity for electronic equipment. Many amendments such as amendment 1 (1998), and amendment 2 (2000) have been published since 1995, but there are still problems with the ESD immunity test even with the 200x version. More than six ESD generators of different bands are tested for different equipments. The results show that the failure voltages of different ESD generators vary widely from different bands for the same test equipment. This may lead to noncomparable results when testing the ESD immunity in the EMC. Further studies show that there is a good correlation between the failure voltage and the induced voltage.

Meeting Name

3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on Environmental Electromagnetics (2003: Nov. 4-7, Hangzhou, China)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Electric Discharges; Electromagnetic Compatibility; Electronic Equipment; Electrostatic Discharge; Electrostatic Generators; Electrostatics; Equipment; Equipment Testing; Oscillators (Electronic); Standards; Different Equipment; Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Tests; ESD Generator; Good Correlations; IEC Standards; Immunity Test; Induced Voltages; Test Equipments; Electrostatic Devices

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2003 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2003