Space-time correlation functions between the links of MIMO Rayleigh fading channels are derived using a new three-dimensional (3-D) cylinder scattering model. Closed form, mathematically tractable formulas are obtained for the space-time correlation functions for general MIMO systems where the base station and mobile station antennas may be arranged in 3-D space. It is shown that the correlation functions computed by the 3-D cylinder model are of significant difference than those of the conventional 2-D Clarke''s isotropic scattering model for vertically placed antennas. The general formulas of the correlation functions includes the 2-D Clarke''s model and the 3-D SIMO, MISO models as special cases.

Meeting Name

IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking, 2004. WCNC 2004


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

3D MIMO Channel Model; 3D Cylinder Scattering Model; MIMO Systems; Rayleigh Channels; Rayleigh Fading Channels; Antennas; Base Station Antennas; Electromagnetic Wave Scattering; Mobile Radio; Mobile Station Antennas; Space-Time Fading Correlation Functions

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2004 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2004