The General Motors (GM) EV1 is an electric vehicle originally powered by either a PbA or NiMh battery pack. This paper examines the possibility of alternative powertrain configurations. These alternatives include an ultracapacitor (UC) storage system, fuel cell system with UC storage, and a fuel cell system with a NiMh battery pack. The configurations were simulated using ADVISOR. Parametric tests were performed by varying the size of the energy storage systems. The study of these combinations is followed by an examination of the current art of the hybrid energy storage topologies used to combine battery and ultracapacitor storage. These topologies include passive parallel, active parallel, cascade parallel, and multi-input bidirectional converter.

Meeting Name

IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (2008: Sep. 3-5, Harbin, China)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

ADVISOR; Battery; Hybrid Energy Storage Topologies; Power Transmission (Mechanical); Secondary Cells; Supercapacitors; Electric Vehicles; Lead; Nickel; Automobiles; Capacitor Storage; Capacitors; Electric Automobiles; Electric Batteries; Electrochemistry; Energy Storage; Flywheels; Fuel Cells; Fuel Storage; Fuel Systems; Land Vehicle Propulsion; Primary Batteries; Propulsion; Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC); Topology; Ultrasonics; Vehicles; Battery Packs; Bidirectional Converters; Energy Storage Systems; Fuel Cell Systems; General Motors; Parametric Studies; Parametric Tests; Powertrain Configurations; Storage Systems; Ultracapacitor; Storage Battery Vehicles

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2008 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2008