Signal transitioning through layers on vias are very common in multi-layer printed circuit board (PCB) design. For a signal via transitioning through the internal power and ground planes, the return current must switch from one reference plane to another reference plane. The discontinuity of the return current at the via excites the power and ground planes, and results in noise on the power bus that can lead to signal integrity, as well as EMI problems. Numerical methods, such as the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD), Moment of Methods (MoM), and partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC) method, were employed herein to study this problem. The modeled results are supported by measurements. In addition, a common EMI mitigation approach of adding a decoupling capacitor was investigated with the FDTD method.

Meeting Name

16th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics (2000: Mar. 20-24, Monterey, CA)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Laboratory

Keywords and Phrases

Internal Power; Layers; Printed Circuit Board Design; Signal Transitioning; Capacitors; Electric Currents; Electric Network Analysis; Equivalent Circuits; Finite Difference Method; Mathematical Models; Method Of Moments; Printed Circuit Boards; Printed Circuit Design; Time Domain Analysis; Partial Element Equivalent Circuits (PEEC) Method; Signal Transitioning; Electromagnetic Wave Interference

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2000 Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2000