"Pressure and acoustic measurements are required in many industrial applications such as down-hole oil well monitoring, structural heath monitoring, engine monitoring, study of aerodynamics, etc. Conventional sensors are difficult to apply due to the high temperature, electromagnetic-interference noise and limited space in such environments. Fiber optic sensors have been developed since the last century and have proved themselves good candidates in such harsh environment. This dissertation aims to design, develop and demonstrate miniaturized fiber pressure/acoustic sensors for harsh environment applications through femtosecond laser fabrication. Working towards this objective, the dissertation explored two types of fiber inline microsensors fabricated by femtosecond laser: an extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) sensor with silica diaphragm for pressure/acoustic sensing, and an intrinisic Fabry-Perot interferometer (IFPI) for temperature sensing. The scope of the dissertation work consists of device design, device modeling/simulation, laser fabrication system setups, signal processing method development and sensor performance evaluation and demonstration. This research work provides theoretical and experimental evidences that the femtosecond laser fabrication technique is a valid tool to fabricate miniaturized fiber optic pressure and temperature sensors which possess advantages over currently developed sensors"--Abstract, page iii.
Xiao, Hai, Dr.
Fan, Jun, 1971-
Moss, Randy Hays, 1953-
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering
National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S.)
Missouri University of Science and Technology
x, 81 pages
© 2013 Yinan Zhang, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Optical fiber detectors -- Design
Pressure -- Measurement
Acoustic emission -- Measurement
Electronic OCLC #
Zhang, Yinan, "Fiber inline pressure and acoustic sensor fabricated with femtosecond laser" (2013). Doctoral Dissertations. 2173.