Keywords and Phrases
Porous soil nailing (PSN)
"Many failures of earth structures, slopes and foundations supported on saturated sands have been attributed to liquefaction of the sands. Recent studies have shown that many embankments and earth dams are seismically vulnerable.
An innovative retrofit technique combining the advantages of in-situ strengthening and improving drainage is the use of small diameter (5 cm) porous pipes containing highly permeable geotextile driven vertically into the embankment. The shear force due to an earthquake is counteracted by the shear capacity of the soil nails' cross- section. The excess porewater pressure is dissipated through the geotextile thereby increasing the effective stresses within the embankment and dramatically improving its stability. The feasibility of the Porous Soil Nailing (PSN) technique to seismically retrofit embankment dams was the objective of this research. A case history of a failed road embankment on Highway 94 in Michigan has been selected as a study model. Vibratory tampers conducting a seismic reflection survey on a roadway embankment in Michigan's Upper Peninsula triggered a liquefaction failure. The embankment was then subjected to the El-Centro earthquake time history and its response evaluated.
The two-dimensional finite difference computer program, FLAC 3.4, was selected to analyze the problem. The study has illustrated the viability of the Porous Soil Nailing (PSN) technique for seismically retrofitting dam embankments. The use of the PSN technique to increase shear strength and reduce liquefaction potential has the advantages of rapid construction, use of light equipment, and low cost"--Abstract, page iii.
Richardson, David Newton
Petry, Thomas M.
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Ph. D. in Civil Engineering
University of Missouri--Rolla
xv, 192 pages
© 2000 Saad Abdel-Hamid Farag, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Restricted Access
Shear strength of soils -- Testing
Earth dams -- Earthquake effects -- Michigan
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Link to Catalog Record
Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.http://merlin.lib.umsystem.edu/record=b5381602~S5
Farag, Saad Abdel-Hamid, "Use of porous steel soil nails for enhancing dynamic stability of earth dams" (2000). Doctoral Dissertations. 1586.
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