"Coaxial cables are mainly composed of inner and outer conductors, and a dielectric layer in between. In this study they are proposed as continuous sensors for monitoring of civil infrastructures. Due to small deformation and minor cracks of engineering interest, coaxial cables have never been applied into reinforced concrete (RC) structures until the late 1990s. The state of the art in design of a cable sensor is to replace the polyethylene pipe of a commercial cable with a rubber tube as a dielectric layer to increase the cable’s sensitivity up to 10 times. In this dissertation a new design of prototype cable sensor is proposed. The new sensors not only respond to the cable’s elongation directly but, more significantly, to the topology change in the outer conductor associated with the cable elongation. The latter effect is first proposed and investigated in this study.
An analytical model of the proposed sensor design was developed in this study to establish the relation between the directly measurable quantities with design parameters. Four types of the sensors with various parameters were also numerically simulated to confirm the analytical results. Both analytical and numerical results were validated through experimentation. After having calibrated with the strain applied on them, the sensors were embedded into twelve RC beams to understand how sensitive they are to stressing and cracking in RC beams. The results from the flexural tests indicated that the sensitivity of the newly designed sensors is 50~100 times higher than that of commercial cables to the longitudinal elongation. The new sensors can be used to successfully detect both the location and width of a crack in RC members"--Abstract, page iii.
Cheng, Franklin Y.
LaBoube, Roger A.
Drewniak, James L.
Rao, Vittal S.
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Ph. D. in Civil Engineering
Intelligent Systems Center
University of Missouri--Rolla
xiv, 164 pages
© 2003 Huimin Mu, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Restricted Access
Reinforced concrete construction
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Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.http://merlin.lib.umsystem.edu/record=b5379238~S5
Mu, Huimin, "Development and validation of coaxial cable sensors for damage detection of reinforced concrete structures" (2003). Doctoral Dissertations. 1575.
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