Doctoral Dissertations


"This thesis contains three main contributions: the derivation of a parameter which characterizes the performance of a Differential Mobility Analyzer (DMA) for diffusing particles; the first measurements of the transfer function for a specific type of cylindrical DMA used extensively at the University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR); and the application of a tandem DMA (TDMA) to characterize the performance of a thermal discriminator.

Stolzenburg's DMA theory is employed to derive the universal diffusion parameter Γ which is the characteristic parameter for the deterioration of DMA resolution due to particle diffusion. For the first time, this new parameter Γ, allows the quantitative characterization of the regime for which diffusion effects are negligible in a universal sense, i.e. independent of DMA type and flow conditions.

The transfer function of the UMR DMA is measured over a wide range of particle sizes and flow conditions. Comparison with Stolzenburg's DMA theory shows that the UMR DMA exhibits almost ideal performance for ß > 0.2 and Γ < 0.198 (non-diffusion regime), where ß is the ratio of sample and sheath flow rates. For ß < 0.2, additional broadening, possibly due to flow instabilities, limits the apparent half width of the transfer function to ßapp > 0.16.

The thermal discriminator is a widely used device, which exploits differences in aerosol volatility to discriminate between particles of different chemical composition. The performance of this device is characterized and a method is developed for the measurement of the volatile volume fraction (ratio of volatile and total aerosol volume) of polydisperse aerosols with a thermal discriminator. For the first time, this method quantitatively includes effects due to both particle loss and partially volatile aerosols"--Abstract, page iii.


Hagen, Donald E.

Committee Member(s)

Whitefield, Philip D.
Wilemski, Gerald
Peacher, Jerry
Sparlin, Don M.



Degree Name

Ph. D. in Physics


This project was funded in part by NASA, Airforce, and Boeing grants NAG- 1632, NAG-2-1099, NAG-3-2257, AFOSR F49620-96-100, and Boeing CEST Dev-Monsanto.


University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

Spring 2000


xxiii, 206 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 194-205).


© 2000 Otmar Schmid, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 7757

Print OCLC #


Electronic OCLC #


Link to Catalog Record

Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.

Share My Dissertation If you are the author of this work and would like to grant permission to make it openly accessible to all, please click the button above.