Falsified data from compromised Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) in a smart grid induce Energy Management Systems (EMS) to have an inaccurate estimation of the state of the grid, disrupting various operations of the power grid. Moreover, the PMUs deployed at the distribution layer of a smart grid show dynamic fluctuations in their data streams, which make it extremely challenging to design effective learning frameworks for anomaly-based attack detection. In this paper, we propose a noise resilient learning framework for anomaly-based attack detection specifically for distribution layer PMU infrastructure, that show real time indicators of data falsifications attacks while offsetting the effect of false alarms caused by the noise. Specifically, we propose a feature extraction framework that uses some Pythagorean Means of the active power from a cluster of PMUs, reducing multi-dimensional nature of the PMU data streams via quick big data summarization. We also propose a robust and noise resilient methodology for learning thresholds based on generalized robust estimation theory of our invariant feature. We experimentally validate our approach and demonstrate improved reliability performance using two completely different datasets collected from real distribution level PMU infrastructures.
P. Roy et al., "Noise Resilient Learning for Attack Detection in Smart Grid Pmu Infrastructure," IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Jan 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/TDSC.2022.3223288
Keywords and Phrases
Anomaly Detection; Behavioral sciences; Big Data Management; Feature extraction; Internet of Things; Learning based PMU Security; Phasor measurement units; Power measurement; Smart Grid Security; Smart grids; Voltage measurement
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2023 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2022