Energy Production, Consumption, and Corruption in Sub-Sahara Africa's Infrastructure Projects


The World Bank and other development banks regularly fund major energy projects to restore and improve aging infrastructure systems in African countries. Energy is arguably the most important form of infrastructure in all economies, developing, emerging, or advanced. Through energy all other forms of infrastructure are created, developed, or enhanced. However, when energy production significantly exceeds energy consumption, situations are created for opportunistic persons more interested in improving their financial well-being than in managing an infrastructure project in an ethically and morally acceptable manner to capitalize. This paper investigates infrastructure development within the energy sector in six Sub-Sahara African countries; namely Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The objective is to determine the relationship between energy production, consumption, and corruption. Several relationships were found to be significant at the 0.05 and 0.10 alpha levels, offering insight into the potential affect that corruption may have on the energy sector in Sub-Sahara Africa. This study will better enable and align the North American contractors who implement infrastructure projects in these countries develop effective and efficient management strategies that match the unique characteristics governing operations of such energy sectors.

Meeting Name

Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering 2013: Know-How-Savoir-Faire, CSCE 2013 (2013: May 29-Jun. 1, Montreal, Canada)


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Energy policy; Energy utilization; Technology transfer, Aging infrastructure; Efficient management strategies; Energy productions; Energy project; Infrastructure development; Infrastructure project; North American; Sub-Sahara Africa, Crime

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2013 Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (CSCE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2013

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