Behavior of Piezoelectric Friction Dampers under Dynamic Loading


Piezoelectric materials are stressed when exposed to electric field and subjected to a restraint in their motion due to the electromechanical coupling effect. Use can be made of this property to control the motion of civil engineering structures. This paper is focused on the conceptual design of a piezoelectric friction damper and the analytical study on its behavior under harmonic loads. The friction damper takes advantage of the slip mode at the friction surface to endure the large deformation in structures and uses the piezoelectric actuators to regulate the clamped force on the damper. A new algorithm is introduced to determine the friction force for increased energy dissipation capacity. It combines the hysteretic and viscous damping mechanisms. Analytical results have shown, the superiority of the proposed algorithm over others in terms of energy dissipation. The damper is then used to mitigate the dynamic responses of a single-story frame structure subjected to harmonic loads. The structural responses controlled with a friction damper are determined numerically. However, it is found that the structure with the damper can be approximately analyzed with an equivalent linear system. This approximation greatly simplifies the design of friction dampers for practical applications.

Meeting Name

Smart Structures and Materials: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures, and Highways (2000: Mar. 6-7, Newport Beach, CA)


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Actuators; Adaptive Control Systems; Algorithms; Damping; Dynamic Loads; Electric Field Effects; Energy Dissipation; Friction; Linearization; Nonlinear Control Systems; Piezoelectric Devices; Adaptive Contact Force; Equivalent Linearization; Piezoelectric Friction Dampers; Structural Analysis

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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© 2000 SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2000