Rubble piles created following the collapse of a building in a combat situation can significantly impact mission accomplishment, particularly in the area of movement and maneuver. Rubble characteristics must be known, for example, in order to predict the ability of a vehicle to override the collateral damage from weapon effects in urban areas. Two types of models are developed: a first-order model and a first-principles-based model. In both models, we assume complete rubblization of the building and develop a rubble profile model using the size and composition of the collapsed structure to predict the rubble volume. In both cases, this profile model includes the size of the footprint area surrounding the original building assuming that the rubble is free to expand horizontally as well as the resulting height of such a rubble pile. Empirical data is now needed to verify the predictive capabilities of these models.

Meeting Name

9th International Conference on Structures under Shock and Impact (2006: Jul. 3-5, New Forest, England)


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Second Department

Mining Engineering

Third Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Building Collapse, Rubble Pile

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2006 WIT Press, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

05 Jul 2006