Axial Compressive Behaviour of Thin-Walled Composite Columns Comprise High-Strength Cold-Formed Steel and Pe-Ecc


A new form of thin-walled composite columns, made of high-strength cold-formed steel (CFS) open sections and thin layers of engineered cementitious composites (ECC), is presented in this paper. The axial behaviour of columns with slenderness ratios (le/r) ranging between 10.08 and 13.86 under concentric loads were experimentally investigated. Twelve column specimens were divided into four groups of bare CFS columns, plain ECC columns, composite columns with SupaCee sections, and composite columns with Lipped-Cee sections. A specific ECC mixture with three PE-fibre contents: 0.75%, 1.75%, and 2.25% by mix volume, was placed in the tested columns in two thin thicknesses of 16.0 mm and 26.0 mm. Additionally, a high-strength concrete (HSC) mixture was utilised in two test columns for comparison with ECC. The results revealed that the composite CFS/ECC columns exhibited enhanced axial compressive capacities up to 2.79 times that of the bare CFS columns. The ductility indices and compressive toughness of the composite CFS/ECC columns were improved to 1.56 and 3.85 times those of the bare CFS columns, respectively. Strength prediction equations were developed based on the experimental observations to estimate the axial compressive capacity of composite CFS/ECC columns susceptible to local buckling.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Axial Compression; Cfs; Composite Columns; High-Strength; Pe-Ecc; Thin-Walled

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Article - Journal

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© 2023 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2023