Development and Testing of Hybrid Precast Steelreinforced Concrete Column-to-H Shape Steel Beam Connections under Cyclic Loading


This paper proposes a steel-reinforced concrete column-steel beam composite joint (MPCJ) suitable for modular prefabricated building construction and investigates its seismic performance. The proposed MPCJ has simple structure, convenient construction, and good bearing capacity. This study performs an experimental investigation in which three MPCJ specimens with different beam-column connections (bolted connection, welded connection, and bolted-welded hybrid connection) are subjected to low-cycle reversed loading and are investigated for the elastic and elastoplastic development trends, failure characteristics, and seismic response. Each specimen undergoes bending failure at the end of the beam that follows the buckling of the flange connecting plate. MPCJs exhibit stable hysteretic curves, reasonable strength and stiffness degradation, as well as good ductility and energy dissipation performance. The ductility coefficients and the equivalent viscous damping coefficients of MPCJ specimens are within the seismic performance limits prescribed by structural design standards. The joint rotation of an MPCJ caused by shear deformation appears different from that of conventional beam-column joints. Finite element models of MPCJ specimens are established by ABAQUS, and the finite element results are compared with the experimental results, thus verifying the feasibility and accuracy of the finite element models. Based on the experimental findings and the numerical validation, simplified equations are proposed for calculating the flexural and shear bearing capacity of an MPCJ. The proposed MPCJ connection will be useful in the modular construction of concrete-steel composite frame structures.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

INSPIRE - University Transportation Center

Second Research Center/Lab

Center for High Performance Computing Research


The writers gratefully acknowledge the financial support for this work, which was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51078195) and the Shandong University Scientific Research Program (A2018-065).

Keywords and Phrases

Prefabricated; Beam-to-column joint; Seismic performance; Pseudo-static testing; Finite element analysis

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2020 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

16 May 2020