Investigation of Mechanical Properties and Shrinkage of Ultra-High Performance Concrete: Influence of Steel Fiber Content and Shape
Use of steel fibers in ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) plays a significant role in enhancing strength and toughness and restraining shrinkage. This paper investigates the effect of steel fiber content and shape on mechanical strength, toughness, and autogenous and drying shrinkage of UHPC. Three steel fiber shapes, including straight, corrugated, and hooked fibers, with volume fraction ranging from 0 to 3% were employed. Compressive, flexural, and fiber-matrix bond strengths were evaluated. A statistical quadratic model and the Composite Theory were employed to predict the flexural strength of UHPC. Test results indicated that the increase in fiber volume can enhance the compressive and flexural strengths of UHPC and reduce shrinkage. The optimum fiber content for strength and shrinkage was found at 2%, beyond which the strength was slightly increased and the shrinkage was slightly decreased. For a given fiber content, the use of hooked fibers was most efficient in improving fiber-matrix bond and flexural strengths and reducing shrinkage. The flexural strengths of UHPC made with various fiber contents and shapes can be predicted using the proposed quadratic model and the Composite Theory. The latter considers the primary parameters affecting performance, including bond strength, matrix properties, and fiber characteristics. Finally, several models were used to simulate autogenous shrinkage behavior of UHPC and optimal models were found.
Z. Wu et al., "Investigation of Mechanical Properties and Shrinkage of Ultra-High Performance Concrete: Influence of Steel Fiber Content and Shape," Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 174, Elsevier Ltd, Oct 2019.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107021
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)
Keywords and Phrases
Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs); Fiber-matrix bond; Fibers; Mechanical properties
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.
01 Oct 2019