Flexural Behaviors and Capacity Prediction on Damaged Reinforcement Concrete (RC) Bridge Deck Strengthened by Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) Layer


Based on strengthening a damaged bridge deck in the field, this paper conducted flexural experiments on a scaled damaged bridge deck strengthened by reinforced ultrahigh performance concrete (UHPC)layer with high temperature steam and normal temperature curing; this paper investigates cracking capacity, ultimate capacity, deformation features and failure mode of RC-UHPC composites under positive bending moment and negative bending moment, respectively. Experimental results indicate that cracking and ultimate capacity of composites increased by about 2.5 and 2 times respectively with UHPC located at tension face comparing with intact RC slab; while for UHPC at compression face, no change in cracking capacity was observed and ultimate capacity was 30% higher than that of intact RC slab. Meanwhile, stiffness also obviously increased with tensile stress in steel reinforcement in RC slabs, decreasing after strengthening for all strengthened slabs; and propagation of cracks in RC slabs was restrained and delayed due to ultrahigh ductility and behavior of strain hardening of UHPC. Based on experimental results and failure mode, analytical equations for cracking and ultimate flexure capacity of UHPC-RC slabs were constructed, and applicability of equations was validated by some experimental results in this paper and other literature with good accuracy by predicted equations. Finally, the research achievements of this paper were effectively applied on the reinforcement design of damaged deck of main girder in a cable-stayed bridge.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

INSPIRE - University Transportation Center


This study was made possible with the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 51578226 and 51778221 ) and the Major Program of Science and Technology of Hunan Province (Grant No. 2017SK1010 ).

Keywords and Phrases

Damaged reinforcement concrete (RC)bridge deck; Experiments; Flexure performance; Strengthening; Theoretical calculation; Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC)

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Article - Journal

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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Aug 2019